Introduction to Color Theory

The significance of color can be explained through color name. Color is the never ending characteristic of light depicted by a color name. Precisely, color explicate light and light constitute of many colors, of that which we recognize are the visual (spectrum) range of belief or qualifies i.e. red, orange, yellow, green, blue and violet. The objects assimilated, are of specific channel or wave length and shine back others to the viewer.

Usually we became aware and apprehend this wavelength as color.

Color systems

  • The color system which is accessible is entirely subordinated on the medium through which a designer works on it.
  • In view of painting, an artist is made available with a variety of paints to select from and mixed colors are attained with the help of subtractive color method.
  • At time, during that designer makes practical and effective use of the computer to produce digital media, colors are attained with the improved color method.

Subtractive color

  • Usually the subtractive world of colors cope with the blending of pigments for instance inks, cyans, paints and so on.
  • The subtractive color mixing intend to refer that one start with white and ends with black, while and put together color, the outcome gets darker and move to black. It is called the “subtractive” because of the fact that light waves are incorporate by the paint and only the echoed waves are recognized or seen.
  • Usually a red pigment shine backs red light and captivate all the others. In subtractive system one gets black when all the colors are blended together theoretically.

Additive color

  • In the natural world, colors are developed by light and inscribed by your eyes and photography is known as additive colors.
  • The expression “additive” mention to the mixing of light. The color we recognize on the computer screen are developed with light with the help of additive color method.
  • The procedure of additive color- blending commence with black and ends with white when more color is mixed the outcome is lighter and move to white, a complete contrast to subtractive color method.


  • As you look at a color, the very first thing you understand its hue, its color. In other words, you detect its shades.
  • Each and every color wheel is a shade, a hue. To perceive the meaning of color and its various contents can be best done with visual examples.


  • Saturation is the state of being saturated. Saturation means of achieving a purpose of a color’s purity or radiant quality or great brightness.
  • Erstwhile, in subtractive color mixing the maximum colors you blend, the less pure the outcome of color. Saturation could also be the action of thinking or careful consideration of the quality of being intense or profound.


  • Brightness is a act of giving out or filled with light, vivid and bold. Brightness is or value is light and dark distinctive feature of a color or hue.
  • Light or pale colors are considered as extreme value, whereas dark value is considered as low value.
  • In Photoshop value is curbed by lightness or brightness slider which coverage darkness or lightness to the present color, assigning to comprehensive white or black.

Primary colors

  • The three primary colors in the additive color system are the red, green and blue (RGB). Usually they are designed to as primary colors as you can blend them and create all the other colors, but you can’t create the primary colors by converging to any other color.
  • Many of the projection televisions make the use of a system in respect that, you can see the red green and blue lens that developed the three colors (RGB) to make the image you recognize with the help of additive method.

Secondary color

  • The secondary colors are yellow, magenta and cyan. As you mix same quantity of two primary colors convergely, you secure a secondary color.
  • You can recognize that these colors are designated either on the primary colors on the color wheel or on the Photoshop Color Picker.

Tertiary colors

  • These are those ‘in between’ colors like yellow-green and red-violet. These colors are achieved by blending one primary color and one secondary color convergely.
  • This could lead to the possibilities of never ending combinations of tertiary color, depending on the capability of how they are mixed.

Complementary colors

  • Red and Green, Blue and Orange, Yellow and purple, these are the colors exactly in a specified position across from each other on the color wheel.
  • Complementary colors are interdependence of one color on other. They are called as complementary colors because of when colors are taken convergely for use; they become exceedingly quivering and have heavy contrast.

Analogous colors

  • The Analogous colors include Red and Orange, Blue and Green etc.
  • These are the colors that are placed beside each other on the color wheel.
  • They unsurprisingly accord exceedingly well but they also bring about all but no contrast. They are acceptable especially for peaceful and idyllic feeling designs and artwork, where you ought to make your viewer to feel comfortable.

The color wheel can be apportioned into various ranges that are visually active or passive. An active color will originate to advance when arranged against passive hues whereas passive colors originate to decline when categorized against active hues.

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